Art Lithuania

© Skaitmeninio Vaizdo Ložė
© E.Jaskuniene
© J.Verikiene

The features of the modern Lithuanian photography from Seventies to ourdays



The last decade of XX century



The outset of the modern Lithuanian photography is considered to be the seventh decade of our century. Between it and historical (pre-war) photography there was a period in which the modern photojournalism, continuing the traditions of war and post-war chronicles, was formed. There was founded the republic photo section in the Union of Journalists of LSSR in 1958. One of its goals was "to raise the master ship of the members" and "to organise the exhibitions of art and reportage photography every year." In time, there were founded new photo sections in Panevezys, Siauliai, Kaunas. Journalism was an especially engaged field (there was one more point in the regulations of the club: "to give the correct direction for photography development"), based on the experience of chronicles and materially supporting only its members.

It could seem paradoxically, but the other "baby" of ideology - amateurish activities in clubs (as one of "the forms of organised leisure time for masses") - became the place where the first rudiments of modern photography matured. The label of "amateurish work" meant compromises in form and content and more free experimentation in forming the new "speech" of photography art. Besides, the years of Chrushtshiov's "thaw" were coming. An economical - organisational basis, which had to ensure the functioning of photography art, was created in seventies. On the other side, this decade was a struggle in order to prove that the photography was a field of art. This struggle demanded the formulation of new "art speech" according to the conception of "reality reflection".
The first photo club in Kaunas was founded in 1963. The same year one more photo club was founded in Panevezys, in 1966 - in Vilnius and Siauliai. Photo clubs were publishing catalogues, organising exhibitions. The first serious ordain of the Lithuanian photography art was the "Exhibition of Four" (Kuncius, Naujikas, Rakauskas,Sutkus) in Vilnius Museum of Art in 1968. In 1969 the exhibition of "Nine Lithuanian Photographers" (Baranauskas,Butyrinas, Kuncius,Luckus,Macijauskas, Miezanskas, Rakauskas,Ruikas, Sutkus) was held in Moscow. It was the last "political" step, which officially started changes in the photography art. After that, there followed the important event not only for Lithuanian photography, but for the photography of all the Soviet Union - the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists was founded in 1969 in Vilnius. So the strong structure, independent from the system of journalism, was formed. It propagated the photography art with the help of exhibitions, creative camps, theoretical seminars, participation in the competitions abroad, and publishing and other activities. The Association was the only organisation, attracting photographers and critics from different republics during all the soviet period.

While creating an organisational basis, the claim to call photography the art was to be grounded by concrete works. There were not many choices: from one side there were slogan stereotypes praising the quality of new life in the press and exhibitions, from the other side - the lack of cultural information, and above all that - ideological censor. The experience of neighbour countries, reaching Lithuania through the Czech magazine "The Photography Review", Polish photo almanacs and magazines, became not only the main "gates to the world" of art and theoretical information. Lyricism of photograph, generalised image, not overburdened with details, emotional illumination, etc. showed the direction of creative expressions in the frame of documental, "pure" slip. Personal, close relationships with the Latvian artists opened the ways to the international art galleries, and their awardings not only flattered the creative self-love of the artists and meant the recognition in the world of art, but also was an indirect indulgent to soviet critics.

The close-up and pensive look, theatrically dramatic contrast of lighting, "painfully" lonesome wheel of wagon, the silhouette of hunched little old woman in the emptiness and a graceful swan in the water - such was the visual "iconography" of seventies. In the photographs of "amateurs" there dominated pure, not transformed slip which marked the frame of the period by the insignificant, accidental fragments, but, among the reportage's of "heroic realism" style, it differed by its prosaic and warm approach. Members of Kaunas' photo club - Butyrinas,Jasinevicius, Macijauskas,Maleckas, Rimkus and others - gave preference to opus of etudes and chemical experiments. They fixed the material side of life, not engaging in the stream of events, so their photographs were more graphic, and emotionality was expressed using play on white and black colours, developing the flow of lines and silhouettes. Kaunas is famous for the maestroKarpavicius - one of the first experts in colour photography in Lithuania. He is known for his experiments and discoveries in the chemical processes of photography. Later he co-operated with publishing houses, wrote "Photography" ABC-book, shared his experience and gave consultations to the young photographers.

In Vilnius there was a group of people in one or another way related to photography (Baranauskas, Kuncius, Rakauskas, Sutkus and others) who gave preference to everyday life pictures and were less interested in chemical experiments. They were close to Breson's conception of "life moment" which could reveal the spirit of the process or period.

In the seventies every author experimenting in the fields of form and content, technical possibilities, was seeking for his own style, with courage refusing worthless creative decisions and choosing another way of expression. In the beginning of the creation of "Lithuanian school" the photographers rejected the clichés of fact in photography and chose the generalising picture.


In the eighties Lithuanian artists rejected the illustrative and decorative style of post-war art and began the search for the new forms of expression. Historical themes were replaced by everyday problems, the genres of portrait and lyrical landscape became popular. Soviet critics started talking about national schools of art where photography was mentioned as a distinctive field among music, theatre and cinema.

Officially separated from journalism, i.e. " independent" Lithuanian photography art had to solve some creative problems. The only "right" expression of photography was considered to be the documented reportage which "talked about reality in its own forms." Departure from the norm to show official reality was labelled as "immature formalism" or "overt ideological diversion". In the press of the period one can find a great deal of remarks which called the genre of academy-figure the pornography, the studio-portraits - the works of vulgar taste, photo arrangements - the amateur derivatives.

Fortunately, unlike other neighbour countries, Lithuanian photographers had not only the "experience" of seventies, but also strong traditions of documentalism including pre-war ethnographic collections, works of war and post-war journalists. Here we should mention the Lithuanian cinematography, which gave some warm-heartedness and psychologism to the historical genre. So, it is not surprising that in the eighties "Lithuanian School of Photography Art" was formulated and had its "Golden Age". This means that a bigger part of all photographers (Augunas, Baranauskas,Kalvelis,Koreskovas, Kuncius, Macijauskas, Rakauskas, Ruikas,Straukas, Sutkus, Vaicekauskas, Zavadskis and others) kept to the same principles of creative expression. They based themselves on the new conception of subject photograph which was not related neither with subjective transformation of nature, nor declared photography of reality. In their works one could feel the intersection of informative and emotional features that could talk about growing psychological efficiency of the picture. Photographs did not contain information about the concrete facts, they showed the emotional and social characteristics of the event. In the context of soviet photography these features were new ones. Europeans were surprised not only with perfectly made documented "nugget" coming through the "iron curtain", but the ability to combine the objectivity with individual expression.

Lithuanian photographers, like many artists of the period, had to be aware of the "everyday problems". "Sundays" by Kuncius, "Countries' bazaars" and "In veterinary clinics" by Macijauskas, "Lithuanian people" by Sutkus, "Dunes" by Kalvelis, "Blossom" by Rakauskas, "The last bell" by Straukas and many other works, evading ambiguous situations and "acute angles", created the poetic epos of the period. "The detached view" was based on thematic cross-sections of life in the frame of the positive sight. The thematic series was one of the distinctive features of the photography of the period. The series of photographs gave a possibility to generalise the events spilled in time and space. Not accidentally these series were created several years - time allowed "to pick up" every detail that was not fixed, to "feel" and interpret the theme again. On the other hand, it preserved from the chance occurrence - there was the consecutive correction of forms and attitudes. That's why the expressive possibilities of documented picture, so conservative by nature, were exposed in the series. Correcting the expression of time and space, the authors mastered the possible techniques of perspective, lighting, sequence, plans and scales, optics.
The small group of "individualists", whose style, methods, themes or attitudes did not conform to the official requirements, disturbed the external solidarity of "Lithuanian school". Fantastic photo arrangements by Butyrinas, academy-figures "Blossoms among blossoms" glorifying the harmony of nature byDichavicius, the harmony of colours and shapes in the photo abstracts ofKazenas, social reportage's from soviet villages and improvisations with the old photographs by Luckus had problems while reached the spectator. It was the subjective approach in the art, the broader understanding of expression possibilities in photography, which partly inspired the showing up of the "modern" photographers of nineties. Paradoxically, but in the realm of black and white colours Lithuanian audience did not notice the colour works and experiments, successfully representing Lithuanian culture abroad. The photographers tried not only to master the base of colour harmony, but working in the field of non-existing advertising, had a lot of difficulties in staging (Kazenas, Luckus, brothersStreleckiai).


In the nineties Lithuanian art was full of facts, events, discoveries. That period is called "modernism" which means not a new quality in the context of world art, but defines the formalistic revolt of new generation in the frame of traditional culture. That was the most evident civic protest before the coming social changes which was stimulated by the new visual information coming from all over the world. This decade was distinctive by wandering between form and conception, between an experiment and quality, which soon - in the coming decade - would be given a meaning in the new areas or the forms coming from the synthesis of traditional arts.

The first features of "modernism" in photography were caused neither by shallow epigonism or maximalism. The situation reminded the conflict between generations - the protest against the "autocracy" of reportage or the "struggle" for the subjective realism, the right to demonstrate the world in a way author sees or imagines it. But the turn to the subjectivity as one of the most striking characteristics of the period, is present not only in the works of young artists, but in those of reportage "classics' " as well.

Reportage remained the dominating form of photography even in the time of in the qualitative and structural transformations of genres. There became apparent the themes of social life in the series of new generation which meant not only the search for new themes, but also the strengthening author's position ("Reservists" byJuskelis, crippled children in "In the hospital" and shelter for old people in "The last asylum", "Church festival" byPozerskis, the boarding-school for children with mental disorders in the series "School - my home" bySonta, the kaleidoscope about countrymen by brothersCerniauskai, and the like.) In spite of provocating dramatic nature of the theme, the series were full of ethic positivism, which showed the continuation of the best traditions of "poetical reportage".
In the reportage's the dynamics of process was changed by contemplative visions where boundaries among thematic picture, landscape, still life, portrait, academy-figure disappeared. Thematic series more and more depended on the preliminary idea of the artist and became like sequence of interchanging fragments of nature and city and gave sense to philosophic allusions ("Leaving trees" by Macijauskas, "Reminiscences" by Kuncius, "Stones of Mosedis" by Zavadskis, etc.) In landscapes, on the contrary, the passive admiration was changed by the conceptualised expression of human intervention which was reflected by the interference of creative methods, i.e. the combination of documented originality and some adapted elements in the frame of "pure" picture (for example, the landscapes by Sonta, "Feather" by Zavadskis and the like.) In the run of decade the original interpretation of human body, which was hardly to fit into the concept of "nude", was formed. Provocating self-analysis, mixed with psychological challenge to everybody and everything was deliberate denial of stereotypes and purist ethic norms in art related with the birth of "woman's attitude" ("Nudes" byBubelyte, series "Woman about men" byMichelkeviciute, nudes on the beach by Sonta).

The group of young authors (Balcytis, Bubelyte,Budvytis, Pacesa,Seskus, Vileikis and others) made the qualitative leap in Lithuanian photography formally, i.e. basing on other methods than reportage, showing the new problems. In their works (the same could be said aboutLukys,Nekrosius,Paukstys, Sidorenko,Strumila,Siekstele, Trimakas,Zolubas and others) the eloquence of facts and events was smothered by the active self-expression of the author which draw attention from the everyday life to the fragments, things, their details. There was formed the tendency of overt subjectivity which covered the generally accepted moral ideas, attempts to touch the inner world of person with its feelings, emotions, moods, and creative reflection of self.
Hidden, based on allusions and not having an existing equivalent in reality themes changed all the syntax of art. Speech based on metaphors, symbols, associations rested on iconography of things and special attention to the formal structure of a picture. The artists were seeking not only for their personal style, but also for the optimal expression of the new approach to photography art. Authors turned to the old album style (Drazdauskaite, Paukstys), combined historicism with dilettantism (Seskus, Budvytis, Balcytis), tried to place the conception of content into the frame of minimalistic form (Balcytis, Pacesa), praised the aesthetics of materiality (Strumila, Sidorenko, Zolubas), etc. Creative reflection of self did not suppress the main tendency of the period - the cult of "author's photography". Considering the quality of picture to be the most important thing, which ended in metrics written by author's hand in the subheadings of the work, the "amateur" traditions (in a good sense) were revived.


The last decade of this century will be called the "singing revolution" period of Lithuanian history. Its passionate mood can not hide social and economic changes which "froze" Lithuanian art on both individual and organisational levels. They had a great impact on the photography. In this decade the artists use new creative forms and methods, seek for new organisational structures. The material base of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists diminished and suspended the creative activity of artists in the period of privatisation. There showed up new organisational centres, like the trade house "D.W.K.", the representative of "Kodak" in Lithuania, which accomplished the project to support the youngest generation of artists. The photography exhibitions are more often hold in art galleries and centres. The creation of commercial structures expanded the sphere of photography drawing new boundaries between journalism, photography for exhibitions and advertising photography.

The last decade is distinctive by the invasion of advertising colour photography made in mini laboratories. On the one hand, technical innovations devalued the author's print (the youngest generation of authors do not have possibilities to be present in the process of "birth" of the print.) On the other hand, Lithuanian photography was enriched with new aesthetic quality, which is highly valued by the young artists.

The period of Rebirth demanded the effective documentary work from photographers. Now the artists live the period of thinking over and generalising the experience. Some authors amaze spectators with their energy and audacity, others remain true to their creative principles. The masters of reportage reveal the pain of the past and pay a tribute to the past of nation which was "mouldering" in the historical archives for a long time (the series about deportations to Siberia byKazlauskas, "The portraits of Lithuanians of the world", prisoners of Kaunas ghetto in the series "Pro memoria" by Sutkus). Macijauskas, together with Rakauskas and Pozerskis "playing" the staging of academy-figure, surprises spectator with the series "Memory", "Nudes".Zvirgzdas openly, without montage, shows the vision of classical Vilnius' landscape, Kazenas changes the spontaneous play of photo abstractions to the montages of dual exposition combining the expression of painting and documentary details.
Some of ex "wandering modernists" (like Zolubas, Sidorenko, Nekrosius and others) and some of authors who began to create later, so had less inner contradictions (Simonavicius,Valiauga), find their self-realisation in the creation of advertisements. They strengthened the principles of "secondary" reality based on author's tricks and images of the period and the maximum aesthetics of a print. Some of them, together with the serious students of Vilnius' Academy of Arts and school of Photography (Antanaviciute,Stakenas,Svitojus) bring the aesthetics of colour, light and form harmony.

The small group of "avant-garde artists" who held out the pressure of time, critics, colleagues (Balcytis, Bubelyte, Budvytis, Lukys, Paukstys, Trimakas,Treigys) today foster the "author's photography" conceptualising the form of a print or the sequence of work. The strong auto reflexive content and attention to the structure of the picture and material shape of sheet let them to join the projects combining photography and other fine arts and to realise the idea of interdisciplinary integration of arts. The youngest generation of admirers of "author's photography" (Babilaite,Cepulinskaite, Liagas,Mickus,Pigagaite, Remeikyte,Zaleckas and others) adopted the aesthetic principles of forerunners, but their works lack of author's "warmth of fingers", i.e. the nuances of "author's supervision" (which is possible only in laboratory) which gives the unique value and the halo of spirituality to the photograph.

In the end of century all people usually experience contradictory emotions and feelings which are very close to the emotions of individual on the New Years Eve. After the uniform and consecutive development, the Lithuanian photography today is in the crossroad. It could hardly be called the decisive crossroad, but there could be felt the great forking of the road coming where all forms of human creation will intertwine.


ANTANAVICIUTE Vetre was born Vilnius, July 27 1970. She has been working in the field of advertising photography since 1988. In 1992 began to study design at Vilnius Academy of Art. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1995.

AUGUNAS Romualdas was born in Siauliai in 1938, April 14. He has got the speciality of a civil engineer. Now he works as the director of the joint-stock company "Harp" in Vilnius, the representative of "Kodak" in Kaunas. His photographic debut was in Vilnius' Trade Union's Palace of Culture in 1969. Since 1970 he is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists, since 1997 - a member of AFIAP.
The most important works: "Mountains and people" (1962-1983), "All over the countries of southeaster Asia" (1976-).

BABILAITE Ieva was born Vilnius February 19 1973. In 1992 she entered Vilnius Academy of Art and studied Graphic Arts.

BALCYTIS Vytautas was born in Vorkuta, Russia, in 1955, March 22. He returned to Lithuania in 1958. He educated in Vilnius' Institute of Civic Engineering in 1973 - 1979. Now he lives and works in Vilnius. From 1982 he is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists.

The most important works: "Photography" (1979), "Landscapes" (1984), "The sights of Vilnius" (1986), "The towns of Lithuania" (1988).

BARANAUSKAS Marijus was born Prienai, 1931. In 1965 he was graduated as photojournalist from Vilnius University. He awarded at various photo exhibitions and photo competitions. In 1969 Lithuanian Journalists' Union, honoured him in 1977 - by Soviet Union Journalists' Union. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1970, Since 1976 - AFIAP. For a long period he worked for APN as a photojournalist. In 1987 he was awarded a title of Honoured Journalist of Lithuania. He dead in 1995.

Most important series: " New Vilnius"(1972); " Region of Dainava"(1979); "Children's World"(1982); "Our Family"(1985).

BUBELYTE Violeta. was born in 1956, October 27 in Vilnius. She is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1980.

The most important works: "Self-portraits" (1981-).

BUDVYTIS Alfonsas was born in 1949, January 1 in Balsenai (the region of Klaipeda). He educated in the pharmacy department of the Institute of Medicine, Kaunas in 1967 - 1971. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1979. He lives and works in Vilnius and Goniunai village. From 1994 he is a member of AFIAP.

The most important works: "The towns of Lithuania" (1988 -), "The sights of Vilnius" (1986 -), "The silent nature" (1991-).

BUTYRINAS Vitalijus was born in 1947, May 30 in Kaunas. He attended the secondary school in 1954 - 1965. He was a photographer of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists in 1973 - 1980. He is a member of AFIAP since 1976, of EFIAP - since 1988, of MFIAP - since 1992, of ESFIAP - since 1997.

From 1990 he is the Honoured Art Worker. From 1993 - a representative of FIAP in Lithuania.
The most important works: "Army journal" (1967 - 1968), "Form" (1969), "A fairy-tale of night forest" (1972), "Colleagues" (1974 - 1983), "The city" (1973 - 1983), "Fairy-tales of the sea" (1976), "Terra incognito" (1974 - 1976), "The birth" (1976), "A world of fairy-tales" (1976), "Reminiscences of childhood" (1983), "SOS" (1983), "Neringa" (1983), "Titans" (1983), "Civilisations" (1983).

Awards: 11Grand prix, 4 gold FIAP, 2 silver FIAP, 12 gold and more than 250 other awards.

CEPULINSKAITE Aurelija was born in The Dzukija ethnographic region of Lithuania March 19, 1974. In1972 she began to photograph. In 1972 she entered Kaunas Technological University to study chemistry and ecology. In 1993 she studied the history of photography at the Kaunas Vytautas the Great University. Member of the Lithuanian Photographers' Union since 1995.

CERNIAUSKAI Algimantas ir Mindaugas. Algimantas was born in Igarka, Russia, in 1953, December 12. He graduated the technical school of Technology, Vilnius. He is a worker in the national park of Dzukija since 1989.
Mindaugas was born in Grobliai (the region of Ukmerge) in 1942, August 1. He finished the courses of cinematography in 1965, worked as a cinema engineer, and he is now a farmer since 1992.
Brothers Cerniauskai are the members of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1982, the members of AFIAP - since 1994.

The most important works: "Countrymen" (1978-), "Landscapes" (1980), "Blossom of winter" (1979 - 1984).
Awards: Silver medal and more than 30 different awards.

DICHAVICIUS Rimantas was born in 1937, March 1 in Grimzele village (the region of Kelme). In 1957 - 1963 he educated in Vilnius' Institute of Art, department of graphic art. He worked as an editor-in-chief in the publishing house "Mintis". Since 1978 he is a creative worker, co-worker in publishing houses, editorial offices, galleries. Dichavicius is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1970, an Honoured Art Worker since 1987, a member of AFIAP since 1994.

DRAZDAUSKAITE Milda was born Vilnius 15 December 1951. In 1970 she was graduated from S.Neris Secondary school in Vilnius. From 1970 to 1975 shestudied in Vilnius University of Technology. From 1975 to 1977 she worked in Ministry of Road Transportation. Member of Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1990. At present she is a freelance photographer.
The most important works: "Blossoms among blossoms" (1965 - 1989), "Lithuanian ethnography" (1960-), "In the world of forms" (1965-).

YLEVICIUS Vytautas was born Kaunas 1930. He began to photograph in 1957. In 60-ies was an active member of Kaunas Photo club. Member of the Lithuanian Photo Artists' Union since 1970.

JASINEVICIUS Vilius was born Javukyne village, Rokiskis distr. February 26, 1933. He worked as an adviser of project group for the Institute of Agriculture Planning. He began to photograph in 1960. In 60-ies he was a Chairman of Kaunas photo club and his creative activity conform the period between 60s and 70s. From 1978 to 1996 he worked in Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1970. From 1997 to now he works as photographer for National M.Mazvydas Library. In 1986 he was awarded a title of Honored Lithuanian Cultural Worker.

JUSKELIS Romas was born in 1946, July 23 in Kaunas. He got the speciality of photographer in the Technology school, Vilnius in 1974. Since 1983 he is the head of teaching department in the Kaunas' section of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists. He is a member of the Association since 1983, and a member of AFIAP - since 1994.

KALVELIS Jonas was born Kikoniai, Kupickis district, March 11, 1925. From 1938 to 1944 get secondary education in Kupiskis gymnasium. In 1945 he works as an assistant of forester in Kupiskis. 1946 He enters department of radio engineering in Kaunas University. In 1958 He was graduated from technical school of Agriculture in Kaunas. In 1984 he starts working as a head of publishing group in the Forest Institute of Lithuania. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1970. In 1976 he was awarded the title of AFIAP. Dead in 1987.06.27.Most important series: " The forest", "Dunes" ( 1973-1987).

KARPAVICIUS Povilas was born Tbilisi, Georgia, 1909. He received a diploma of organizator of land exploitation. From 1964 he finally devoted himself to photography. He was one of the firsts in Lithuania, which begin to explore colour photography and prepared the first samples of Lithuanian envelopes, post cards etc. He was a perfect expert in the field of photo technologies. In 1957 in Wroclaw (Poland) he was included into the list of world inventors and improves of photography for his invention of the colour isopolychromy technique. In 1961 he published " The practice of colour photography" - the first book on photo technical in Lithuanian .

Zinas was born Linkuvėa, 1936. Having received photographers' diploma in 1956, he devoted all his energy to colour photography. Freelance photographer since 1988. His activities include advertising, publishing, exhibitions. He was among the first who began to collaborate with publishing houses and published more than 600 picture postcards; 80 posters; 4000 artistic envelopes, illustrated and designed 60 booklets and books, published one-man photo albums "Palanga" (2 different editions) and " Kursi¸ Nerija", as a co-author took part in publication of books about the biggest Lithuanian cities, churches, etc. One-man Zinas Kazenas exhibitions of colour photos about Lithuanian architecture, traditions, customs and everyday life travelled across 30 countries all over the world. Member of the Lithuanian Journalists' union since 1972.

KAZLAUSKAS Juozas was born in 1941, January 6 in Zvirbliskiai. He began taking photographs in 1965. He graduated the Institute of Cinematography in Moscow in 1972. He worked as a cameraman in Lithuanian film studio. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1970, a member of AFIAP - since 1994.

The most important works: "Deportation" (1987 - 1992), "Lithuania from the period of Sajudis till today" (1987-), "Near the Kara and Laptev Seas"(1978 - 1992), "Following the caravel of William Barents" (1978 - 1988), "Following the perished polar expeditions" (1975 - 1992), "Chechenia" (1992 - 1995).

KORESKOVAS Valerijus was born Byelorussian March 13, 1941. For a long period he was working as a photojournalist. In 70 and 80 he worked in the tradition of Lithuanian artistic reportage. Member of the Lithuanian Photo artists' Union since 1978. At present he is occupied in publishing area.
Most important series: "Lithuania Today"(1973), " The composers of Lithuania" (1975);"Labor and Holiday"(1984); " The Golden Autumn of the Baikal-Amur Railway"(1985).

KUNCIUS Algimantas was born in 1939, August 14 in Pakruojis. He was a student in the law department of Vilnius University in 1958 - 1960, then in the department of music in Vilnius Pedagogical Institute in 1960 - 1963. In 1961 - 1981 and from 1992 till now he is a photographer of magazine "Kulturos barai". He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1970 and a member of AFIAP since 1979.
The most important works: "Sundays" (1968 - 1985), "Meetings" (1964 - 1984), "Reminiscences" (1976 - 1985).

LIAGAS Giedrius was born Kaunas , 1967. In 1989 was graduated form Kaunas School of photography and joined the Lithuanian Photo artists' union. He is working as a training master and a teacher of photography at Kaunas department of Vilnius' Academy of art and The Technological Institute in Kaunas. In the period from 1987 to 1995 he made ten solo exhibitions in various towns of Lithuania.

LUCKUS Vitas was born in 1943, May 29 in Kaunas. He began taking photographs in 1956. Since 1970 he was a member of Association of Photographers. Luckus died in 1987, March 16.

The most important works: "Relatives" (1985 - 1987), "Impressions" (1958 - 1987), "Perspective upon old photograph" (1974 - 1987), "A close-up portrait" (1969 - 1987), "The transportation of oxen from the island to the land - Estonia" (1971), "Mimeos" (1967 - 1971), "In the area of Altai" (1985), "In Azerbaijan" (1981), "In Bashkiria" (1981), "In Tbilisi" (1981), "Colleagues" (1961 - 1987), "Pantomime" (1983), "On a white background" (1987).

LUKYS Alvydas was born in 1958, November 4. He graduated Vilnius Institute of Civic Engineering in 1984. Since 1990 he works in Vilnius Academy of Arts, since 1991 he is a teacher of photography, since 1997 he is a professor. Lukys is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1984.

The most important works: "Fragments" (1983 - 1984), "Ethnographic stones" (1984), "Metaphors" (1987), "Things from the sea" (1988 - 1992), "Things in the studio" (1991 - 1996), "The vision of stone" (1992 - 1996), "Photo canvas" (1996 - 1997).

MACIJAUSKAS Aleksandras was born in 1938, May 16 in Kaunas. He finished the secondary school in 1962. He worked as a journalist in 1967 - 1973. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1970. He is a chief of Kaunas' section of the Association since 1978. He became a member of AFIAP in 1976, of EFIAP - in 1984. In 1986 he was awarded with the name of Honoured Culture Worker, in 1995 - with the Lithuanian national premium.

The most important works: "Demonstrations" (1965 - 1985), "In the village bazaars" (1969 - 1987), "In the veterinary clinics" (1977 - 1994), "Farewell" (1969), "Memory" (1980), "Lithuanian wedding" (1970), "Leaving trees" (1984), "Summer" (1974 - 1984).

Awards: 5 Grand Prix, 4 gold medals and more than 70 other awards.

MALECKAS Rimgaudas was born Kaunas 1934. He studied journalistic in Vilnius University and worked as photojournalist. His creative activity conformed to formation of the Lithuanian artistic photography origins in 60 - ies. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1970.

MICHELKEVICIUTE Snieguolė was born in 1953, February 3 in Kaunas. She educated in Kaunas Polytechnic Institute, the department of electrical engineering in 1973 - 1979. Now she works as the chief of gallery in Kaunas. She is a member of the Association from 1989.

The most important works: "My children" (1973 - 1990), "Portraits" (1972-), "Horses" (1983-), "Hungary" (1989), "Sky and sand" (1985), "Nudes of women" (1976 - 1994), "Woman about men" (1977 - 1994), "The everyday life of country" (1984-).

MICKUS Erlandas was born Vilnius 27 April 1973. He started photographing in 1987. In 1991 he was graduated from M.K.Ciurlionis Gymnasium of Arts in Kaunas. He has also studied at Vilnius Academy of Arts. He has taken private lessons from the famous film director and cameraman R.Verba.

NAUJIKAS Vilius was born Mirabaliskis village, Kupiskis district 1940. He was educated as electrical engineer. From 1967 was a photojournalist of the journal "Mus¸ gamta". He began to photograph in 1957. His creative activity conformed with formation of the Lithuanian artistic photography origins in 60. During that period he was active participant of the photo exhibitions and Kaunas photo club activities.

NEKROSIUS Zenonas was born Marijampole, November 11, 1957. In 1980 he finished School of Technology in Vilnius. Till 1979 he was a photographer for Institute of Construction of Agriculture Machinery. From 1979 he was a photographer for newspaper "Atgimimas", from 1983 - photographer for magazine "Lithuania in the World". He is working in the area of advertising photography. Member of the Lithuanian Photo Artists' Union from1980.

PACESA Remigijus was born in Kapsukas, 1955. Was graduated from Vilnius Institute of Civil Engineering. In 90-ies his works formed a new aesthetics of "objectivity" in Lithuanian photography. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from1982.

Most important series: " My own Vilnius"(1976); " Life of Plants"(1984).

PAUKSTYS Saulius was born in 1964, September 16 in Vilnius. He educated in the Institute of Polytechnics, Kaunas in 1982 - 1987. Since 1991 he works as a photographer in the Academy of Arts, Vilnius. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1989.

PIGAGAITE Ramune was born in 1966, October 13 in Varena. She began taking photographs in 1986. She educated in the department of actor's master ship of Conservatories, Vilnius in 1984 - 1988. She now studies photography science in Mainz University, Germany. She has held four personal exhibitions in Frankfurt, Germany. She is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1991.

POZERSKIS Romualdas was born in 1951, July 7, in Vilnius. He educated in the Institute of Polytechnics, Kaunas in 1969 - 1975. In 1980 - 1993 he was an unattached photographer, since 1993 - a lecturer in Vytautas Magnus University. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1976, a member of AFIAP - since 1994. In 1990 he was announced the Honoured Art Worker, in 1991 - Lithuanian national premium laureate.

The most important works: "Victories and defeats" (1974 - 1976), "In the hospital" (1976 - 1982), "The old cities of Lithuania" (1974 - 1982), "The country festivals" (1974 - 1993), "The gardens of memory" (1977 - 1993), "The last home" (1983 - 1990).
Awards: 2 Grand Prix, 2 gold medals and more than 60 other awards.

RAKAUSKAS Romualdas was born in 1941, August 9, in Akmene. He studied journalism in Vilnius University in 1959 - 1962. He was a photographer-correspondent for the newspaper "Literature and art", in 1963 - 1967 - a photographer for the magazine "Our nature", since 1967 - an editor of illustration department in the magazine "Nemunas". Since 1970 he is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists, since 1976 - a member of AFIAP.

The most important works: "Tenderness" (1967 - 1973), "Blossom" (1974 - 1984), "The land of inspiration" (1983 - 1993), "The girls of spring" (1989 - 1994).

Awards: 5 Grand Prix, 3 gold medals, and more than 70 other awards.

RUIKAS Liudvikas was born Ginteliskes village, Plunge distr. 1938. He was graduated From Journalist department of Vilnius University. Later he was working as photojournalist in various magazines and newspapers. In 60-ies he took participation in activities of Vilnius photo club. His works formed a new tradition of artistic reportage in Lithuanian photography. In 60-ies solo by himself or in collaboration with other authors he published several photo books about Vilnius. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from1970.

SIDORENKO Aleksandras was born Vilnius, September 11, 1958. In 1982 was graduated from Vilnius School of Technology. From 1981 to 1993 he worked as a photographer for Restoration Centre of National Museum of Art. At present he is freelance photographer. Works in spheres of advertising and industrial photography. Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1983.
Most important series: "Shells"(1997-1998).

SIMONAVICIUS Alfredas was born in 1964, December 18, in Kaunas. He graduated Vilnius technical school of technology in 1986. He is now a freely hired photographer, works in the field of advertising. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1992.
The most important works: "Silver photography" (1988 - 1989), "Masks" (1995 - 1996).

STAKENAS Romualdas was born Vilnius June 11, 1975. He was graduated from Vilnius College of Photography. He is an assistant of well-known Lithuanian photo artist R.Dichavicius.

STRAUKAS Vaclovas was born in 1923, November 8, in Pozere (the region of Silale). He studied Lithuanian language and literature in the Pedagogical Institute, Vilnius in 1946 - 1950. He worked as a photographer in Klaipeda in 1967 - 1988. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1971 and the honorary member since 1993. From 1976 he is a member of AFIAP, from 1994 - a member of EFIAP.
The most important works: "The motives of the seaside" (1972), "Dunes" (1975), "The young Klaipeda" (1979), "The last bell" (1975 - 1987).
Awards: 3 Grand Prix, 2 FIAP gold medals, 2 FIAP silver medals, 5 gold medals, and more than 60 other awards.

STRELECKIS Anatolijus was born Moscow distr., Russia, 1932. Received a diploma of engineer. He took photographs since 1948. He is excellent expert in photo techniques. In 60-ies he worked in stile of artistic reportage, in 70-ies became interested in colour photography and advertising jobs, where he applied his knowledge of photo techniques. He is Member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1972

STRUMILA Aurimas was born Panevezys 18 October 1956. In 1979 he was graduated from Vilnius University faculty of Chemistry. He is Member of the Lithuanian Photographers' Union since 1984. At present he is a chief of photo laboratory in Vilnius Academy of Justice.
Most important series: "Reservoirs"(1984); "The Brilliance objects"(1984); "St\tics"(1986); "Cildren by the sea"(1989); "Shanghai in Vilnius"(1989); " Sketches of seaside"(1995); "ArMada"(1997); " Small Bottles"(1997).

SUTKUS Antanas was born in 1939, June 27 in Kluoniskiai. He studied journalism in Vilnius University in 1958 - 1964. He was one of the founders of the union of photography art in 1969. In the period of 1969 - 1990 and from 1996 he is the chief of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists. From 1976 - AFIAP, from 1994 - EFIAP. In 1980 he was granted with the name of Lithuanian Honoured Culture Worker, in 1990 - with the Lithuanian national premium. In 1997 he was awarded with the state award - Fourth class order of Gediminas.
The most important works: "Lithuanian people" (1959-), "Lithuania from the view of bird's flight" (1973 - 1980), "Meetings with Bulgaria" (1972 - 1979), "The Lithuanian of the world" (1991 - 1994), "The nostalgia of bare foot" (1959 - 1979), "In memoriam: to the alive martyrs of Kaunas' ghetto" (1994 - 1997).
Awards: 3 Grand Prix, 2 gold medals of FIAP, 3 gold medals and more than 70 other awards.
SVITOJUS Gediminas was born Vilnius November 10, 1975. He was graduated from Vilnius College of Photography and was an assistant of Lithuanian photo artist A.Zavadskis in Kodak photo studio.

SESKUS Algimantas was born Vilnius, December 4, 1945. From 1968 to 1970 studied in Vilnius Art School. Finished courses of cameraman and worked for National Radio and TV Committee. He is Member of the Lithuanian Photo Arts' Union since 1981.

SIEKSTELE Aleksandras was born Vilnius 1958. In 1984 he was graduated from Vilnius College of Technology. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1984. At present he lives and works in Denmark.

SONTA Virgilijus was born Panevezys 1952. Studied in Kaunas Polytechnic institute. His works influenced the development of new standpoint of Lithuanian artistic photography in 80-ies. Dead in 1992.
Most important series: "Lithuanian landscapes"(1976-1977); "Stones"(1978); "Objects and forms"(1978-1983); "The school - my home"(1980-1983); "The Flight"(1984).

TREIGYS Remigijus was born in 1961 in Kaunas. He studied in the Academy of Art, department of visual design in Klaipeda in 1982 - 1987. He works now there as a training expert. He works in the fields of painting and photography. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1988.
The most important works: "Fragments" (1992), "Things" (1991 - 1994), "The line" (1997-).

TRIMAKAS Gintautas was born in 1958, April 20 in Vilnius. He educated in the Institute of Civic Engineering, Vilnius in 1980 - 1986. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1989.
The most important works: "Plane" (1987-), "Journal" (1990-), "Torso is a part of body" (1995 - 1996), "Not sent letters to Scotland" (1995), "Your church" (1996-).

TRUBLENKOVAS Viktoras was born Klaipeda May 11, 1955. In 1979 was graduated as photographer from Moscow People's University of Art. He photographs since 1977. He is Member of Lithuanian Photo Artists' Union since 1982. At present he is a freelance photographer, works in a area of advertising photography.

VALIAUGA Arturas was born Vilnius, January 22, 1967. In 1990 was graduated from Technological School in Vilnius qualifying as a photo-technologist. From 1988 to 1993 he worked as a photographer at Vilnius Technical University. From 1993 to 1996 he was a freelance photographer. From 1977 he is a photographer of advertising agency "Marijos nostalgija". He is Member of Lithuanian Photo Artists' Union since 1992.
Most impotant series:"Objects"(1993); "…from women's' diary"(1996); " Brightness"(1995-1997); "The Art in Jail"(1997).

ZALECKAS Gintaras was born Vilnius November 17, 1966.In 1984 was graduated from Vilnius School of Art and worked for Vilnius newspapers and magazines.
Most important series: " The Fragments of Old town"(1990); " The Palace of Lentvaris estate"(1998).

ZAVADSKIS Audrius was born in 1945, November 20 in Siauliai. He worked as an assistant of cameraman in Lithuanian film studio in 1963 - 1965, and as a photographer for advertising the films of the studio in 1965 - 1968. He was a photographer for publishing house "Mintis" in 1968 - 1973. In 1974 - 1993 he was a chief of illustration department for the magazine "Our nature", and since 1993 he is a manager of photo studio "Kodak". He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists since 1971, a member of AFIAP since 1994.
The most important works: "Sand" (1970 - 1973), "White stones" (1983), "Shell" (1983), "The stones of Mosedis" (1984), "Car covered with snow" (1984), "In the old farmstead" (1984), "Branches in the water" (1984), "Clouds in the water" (1984), "Spring in Rusne" (1985), "Feather" (1985), "Dark cove" (1985).

ZOLUBAS Remigijus was born Vilnius, January 1, 1958. He was graduated from Economical Informatics Faculty on Vilnius University. He is photographing from 1977. Member of the Lithuanian Photo artists' Union since 1983. Since 1991 he was working as a master of teaching for Vilnius Academy of Art, from 1994 he works as a lecturer in the same Academy. He works in the feel of advertising photography.
Most important series: "Promenada"(1984); "Monsters"(1984).

ZVIRGZDAS Stanislovas was born in 1941, September 13 in Balbieriskis. He studied history in Vilnius University in 1960 - 1961. He was a political prisoner in 1961 - 1965. He studied photography in the Institute of Art in Moscow in 1972. He is a member of the Association of Lithuanian Photography Artists from 1972. He was a photographer of the Association in the period of 1972 - 1992. He was a president of the Association in 1992 - 1996. From 1996 he is a secretary-general. In 1988 he became a member of AFIAP, in 1992 - a member of EFIAP.
The most important works: "Yards" (1980), "Walls" (1980 - 1983), "Metamorphoses of civilisation" (1986), "Fairy-tales not fairy-tales" (1989), "Visions" (1991), "Vilnia" (1975 - 1997), "Variations of Vilnius' subject" (1995 - 1996), "Return of sculptures" (1996 - 1997).