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Laws and Intellectual Property

Gabrielė Naprušienė

On December 14th 1994 Lithuania joined the Bern Convention, and on May 28th 1996 ratified it.
In Lithuania authors’ rights are protected according to the “Law of the Authors’ Rights and Adjacent Rights” that is in force since June 10th 1999. The law states that the objects of authors’ rights are original works of literature, science and art resulting from creative activity expressed in a certain form. Their authors can enjoy all rights indicated in the law.
A work as a material value can be sold, and its owner consequently acquires the property right to the work. The owner can donate, sell or even destroy the work, but the intellectual property of the work – the author’s right – belongs to its author. The author also has personal – non-property – rights: 1) the right to authorship, i.e. the right to be called the author of the work; 2) the right to the author’s name, i.e. the right to require that the author’s name be indicated when the work is used (irrespective of the form of using the work); 3) the right to the inviolability of the work, i.e. the author’s right to object to any distortion of his work, which can result in violation of the author’s honour or reputation.
The Lithuanian Agency of Protecting Authors’ Rights (LATGA-A) was established 10 years ago. It represents Lithuanian authors on the basis of agreements signed with them and foreign authors on the basis of agreements signed with equivalent organizations of authors’ rights abroad.
However, violations of authors’ rights are rather common in Lithuania. Active educational work and strict responsibility for violations are the main instruments in the fight against the neglect of authors’ rights spread in our society.

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