Eglė Ganda Bogdanienė,
Miglė Lebednykaitė, Laura Pavilionytė. Velti sodai (fragmentai). 2004,
vilna, vėlimas, kamšymas, 150x100, 8 vnt.
Profiles of Lithuanian Textile Art
critic has already noticed the symptoms of renaissance in Lithuanian
textile art: a growing number of interesting textile exhibitions,
plentiful skill and talent, and a lot of young blood. The bank of ideas
has been growing and some new ways of expression have been discovered.
The textile artists started showing their work more often locally and
internationally. Right and the Wrong
Sides, an international textile exhibition in Kaunas has
established itself as a regular event. In 2004, Vilnius launched a
textile biennial, Private Shirt is
Closer to Ones Skin. The art galleries in Vilnius and Kaunas
regularly host solo and thematic textile exhibitions. In 20022004,
Lithuanian textile artists were featured by the international events in
Poland, Hungary, Latvia and elsewhere.
Textile art has very old archaic roots, but as a branch of professional
art it is rather young. The soviet art establishment had only one
mission assigned for textile artists: to decorate the interiors. All
major work would be created on commission only. Creative work was
almost like a hobby for the artists. However, the period left some good
heritage, above all, the high value attached to craftsmanship,
professionalism, and ambition to speak in ones own voice.
Under the new political conditions, the old organizations have fallen
apart. Textile artists have started organizing their work
independently. On the other hand, tapestries disappeared from public
and private interiors; architects started flirting with conceptual art.
The young generation was the first to embrace experiment and integrate
new information. They also inspired a drift towards conceptualism among
the middle and the senior generation.
The traditional weaving has kept its status, however, new, often three
dimensional forms, are gaining increasing popularity. Traditionally
non-textile materials, like paper, wood, hair, polyethylene bags enable
the artists to achieve a wide range of effects. The ancient skills,
crochet, stitching, appliqué, felt, cloth shaping and patterning have
been rediscovered. Silk patterning and painting on silk are the
techniques that keep gaining popularity in a new role. It allows
interesting marriage of ancient natural dies with modern digital
printing on silk.
The growth of textile artists capabilities has driven them to form an
umbrella organization, the Textile Crafts and Arts Guild. It is greatly
instrumental in expanding international contacts through counterpart
The textile art is predominantly occupation of female artists, and this
fact reflects on the themes, subjects and the means of expression. For
instance, the woman-mother image emerges as central in classical
tapestries and conceptual projects. The Textile Chair at Kaunas
Institute of Vilnius Art Academy, headed by the talented artist Laima
Oržekauskienė since 1996, combines the policy of encouraging experiment
with exacting requirements for professionalism and trade skills. Due to
innovative and encouraging staff, it is a testing ground for new ideas,
materials and techniques.